TurkmenistanTurkey–Turkmenistan relations are foreign relations between Turkey and Turkmenistan. Turkey was the primary country on the earth to acknowledge the independence of Turkmenistan through the period of dissolution of the Soviet Union and first nation that opened embassy within the newly independent country.
Poverty and the largely unguarded border with Afghanistan, a serious supply of heroine, contribute to the rising population of intravenous drug customers. One official estimated about 64,000 intravenous drug customers within the nation.Also pushed by harsh economic situations, there are reviews that intercourse work is increasing amongst women and that it’s leaving a “sexual health disaster” in its wake. Women’s health in Turkmenistan, and significantly that of rural women, is taken into account to be the worst of all the former Soviet republics.
The State Party report does not identify any government mechanisms that tackle discrimination in opposition to women. The one civil society entity that the federal government cites as dedicated to selling women’s rights in Turkmenistan is the Women’s Union of Turkmenistan. The full title of this group, the Women’s Union of Turkmenistan-Gurbansultan-Eje reflects the group’s inherent bias. This strongly suggests that the Women’s Union, like many different organizations claimed to be nongovernmental, is tied to the federal government and is unlikely to offer unbiased evaluation or advocacy on behalf of ladies.
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Some regulation enforcement businesses only reported individuals as recognized trafficking victims if their instances led to trafficking convictions. Paragraphs of the federal government report addresses issues of maternal well being, networks of “Health Houses,” and reproductive well being centers. This suggests that ladies have not been in a position to avail themselves of the household planning information and contraception that the government claims is out there to them.
President Niyazov spent much of the nation’s income on extensively renovating cities, Ashgabat specifically. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit home victims in Turkmenistan, and traffickers exploit victims from Turkmenistan abroad. Authorities threatened farmers with loss of land if they didn’t meet government-imposed quotas. Unlike 2017, there were no stories that the federal government systemically mobilized youngsters to participate within the harvest. In addition, the government compulsorily mobilized college students, lecturers, doctors, and other civil servants for public works projects, corresponding to planting bushes and cleaning streets and public spaces in advance of presidential visits.
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The authorities recognized eight victims in 2018, in contrast with one victim in 2017, 11 victims in 2016, and 12 in 2015. This was more than twice the number of calls received in 2017, but the overwhelming majority associated to protected migration, whereas solely seven calls had been associated to human trafficking. The trafficking hotline in Turkmenabat was reopened in 2018, after operations were suspended in 2017 as a result of lack of funding. An NGO operated one shelter for feminine trafficking victims in Turkmenistan with foreign-donor funding. The shelter supplied comprehensive companies to seven female victims in 2018, together with native reintegration and job placement.
Home-spun silk by Turkmen women
This report is submitted as the result of efforts by many people with connections to and expertise in Turkmenistan who, for reasons that the report signifies, cannot be identified. They embody Turkmen residents presently outdoors the nation as well as people turkmenistan brides for marriage who have been within the nation lately for various intervals of time. This group approached the International Women’s Rights Action Watch in late March, 2006, to request assistance in offering this info for the Turkmenistan evaluation in the 35th Session of CEDAW.
This subject calls for severe investigation, notably as Niyazov has referred to as for an expansion of the Turkmen inhabitants. As a end result, many adult women in rural areas have extremely restricted access to information printed in Turkmenistan lately. As President Niyazov diverts Turkmenistan’s huge oil and gas revenue away from schooling, well being care, and the social welfare system, women are taking drastic measures to support themselves and their households. Prostitution has been on the rise in recent years, and there are reviews of oldsters forcing their daughters and husbands forcing their wives to sell their bodies on the road.
The southernmost republic of the previous Soviet Union, Turkmenistan is characterised right now by a presidential character cult, disregard for the rule of legislation, and widespread human rights violations. The previous decade has seen a sharp decline in civil and political rights, however criticism inside the nation is voiced in faint whispers for worry of harsh government retaliation. Domestic regulation guarantees women the proper to participate in political life. The actions of unregistered nongovernmental organizations have been severely curtailed lately, leaving few NGOs capable of operate independently of the government. The Union of Women-Gurbansultan-Eje, the only women’s “NGO” highlighted within the government report, has sturdy ties to the government.
Turkmenistan has an embassy in Ankara and a consulate general in Istanbul. Both international locations are full members of the Economic Cooperation Organization, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, International Organization of Turkic Culture and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. Both have a majority Sunni Muslim population, and each are predominantly inhabited by Turkic peoples, both the Turkish and Turkmen languages belong to the Oghuz subgroup of Turkic languages. Turkey is one of the 47 nations on the earth that holders of a Turkmen passport can visit without visa.
There was no specialised care center for male victims, though NGOs offered some help. In accordance with the nationwide action plan, the federal government continued to companion with a world group to draft SOPs for sufferer identification and referral; although the group completed the SOPs, the government didn’t adopt them. Authorities remained without formal written procedures to establish victims or refer them to care providers, however they informally referred suspected trafficking victims to a global organization for companies.
There is little well being training in schools, and a latest report noted an unofficial ban on diagnosing sure infectious diseases. In latest years, President Niyazov called for the closure of hospitals outside the capital and replaced 1000’s of nurses with young military conscripts. Although it is unclear whether or not and how these presidential orders have been executed, their implementation would further limit access of the hundreds of thousands of women in Turkmenistan to preventive, healing, and reproductive well being care.
Public servants and college students have also been forced to serve in assist roles during authorities-sponsored events, such because the 2017 Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games, with out receiving compensation. Turkmen men and women are subjected to pressured labor after migrating abroad for employment within the textile, agricultural, development, and domestic service sectors. Turkey, Russia, and India are probably the most frequent destinations of Turkmen victims, followed by different countries in the Middle East, South and Central Asia, and Europe. The authorities routinely denies freedom of movement to citizens attempting to go away the nation, which leaves Turkmen susceptible to trafficking while making an attempt to depart Turkmenistan by way of unofficial channels. Residents of rural areas in Turkmenistan are most at risk of changing into trafficking victims, both within the nation and overseas.